Write a major essay of 1800 to 2000 words This essay assignment is based on the module ‘Networks, IT infrastructure’ – as well as your own research into the scholarly and professional literature. Choose three topics from the following list:  Augmented Reality (AR) / Virtual Reality (VR)  Advances in digitisation  Gaming  Assistive technologies  Handheld and wearable technologies  Internet of Things  Makerspaces  Artificial Intelligence / Robotics For this assignment, your essay will need to address the following: Identify three technology trends from the above list that are likely to impact on the work conducted in libraries, archives or other information agencies in the next five years. Outline these trends and discuss how they may alter the way resources and services are provided to meet the evolving needs of users. There is an expectation that 10-15 sources are used in this essay from a range of resource types (i.e., scholarly and professional journal articles, conference

    Technology Trends


    There bear been increased fiery technological advancements in multitudinous opportunitys such as Substantial Substantiality, gaming, assistive technologies, IoT, Constructed Report and so ample elevate. These advances bear seen a imposing alter in the practice instrument and libraries conservations conduce to divergent conservationr insufficiencys. Elevate, they abide to evolve in a practice that meets conservationr insufficiencys elevate adeptly and reliably. This pamphlet coercionecasts these varys into the instant five years by importation a heartfelter appear into divergent instrument that convergence on Augmented Substantiality(AR)/Substantial Substantiality (VR), Internet of Things, and  Constructed Report and how they contact on the effect conducted in the libraries and other notification agencies aggravate the instant five years.

    Substantial Substantiality

    Substantial substantiality (VR) is a technological theme-matter gaining excellent study. It is an remotest device notorious coercion replacing the authentic globe with a globe that is fabricated. As Lessick and Kraft (2017) posit, the excellent strides nature made in this opportunity are worthconjuncture to bung and cogitate on the germinative they entertain and how conservationful they are when applied in divergent libraries such as the sanity sciences and chemistry. VR conservations headsets which originates a computer-generated globe that heartfeltly immerses the conservationr into a fabricated acquirements and entireows the conservationr to interact with this globe as the authentic globe is close quenched (Lessick & Kraft, 2017). Augmented substantiality, on the other index, aggravatelays a 3D environment that is supplemented with postulates such as gauge and graphics abetting the conservationr to interact seamlessly with twain substantial and material objects. Such authenticities are main in expanding the attainments acquirementss and elevate so in winning the purpose conservationr.

    Libraries are polite poised in facilitating students and elaborationers to leverage substantial substantiality and augmented substantiality tools. These tools are main in accelerating teaching and thus librarians insufficiency to acacquirements the fantastic technology. Divergent technological advances abide to be made that entireows librarians to leverage the fantastic technologies in enhancing how library services are nature tendered. Coercion lay-openment, fresh VR library waste has seen a alter in how students acquire by nature efficient to originate getingeded rather than solely consuming library getingeded (Avila, 2017). Elevate, as Avila (2017) repeats, librarians are expected to leverage these technological advancements to occupy students’ interactive games that scintilla phenomenon and most mainly, instill evidence-domiciled conservationful skills and acquirements that is backed by a compensate behind a happy example of a attainments job.

    Lessick and Kraft (2017) posit that by the year 2020, a controlthcoming-forward device that creatively chaines postulates dashboards in programs involving postulates literacy skills get be conservationd to encourage students in creatively interacting and analyzing divergent sanity inequities domiciled in their communities. Lessick and Kraft cheap this on the proliferation of knowing registers into divergent coercionmats which are main in coercionging fantastic and choice strategies and solutions by providing a lodgment that tenders stewardship and approximation to nontraditional knowing quenchedputs.

    Santos and Esposo-Betan (2017) tender an insightful aggravatesentiment of the advances made in the AR opportunity, appears at the advantages delivered by leveraging this technology and devices what the controlthcoming holds in this opportunity. Santos and Esposo-Betan convergence on how AR is nature implemented in academic and elaboration libraries. As librarians abide their purposeeavor to metamorphose crowd into wiser crowd though controlcible them on how to approximation and assess notification, AR has befit an vicar of vary in library setups. They twain note that elevate advances bear elevate germinative to trickery conservationrs in discovering elevate notification from their libraries.

    The technological advances in twain VR and AR and the divergent devices nature inaugurated are some of the purposel purposes that are calculated to irradiate and inspirit divergent librarians to cogitate, chain, lay-open, and elevate mainly distribute the fantastic technological solutions athwart libraries which are main in reshaping library services to elevate sympathetic, potent, and sprightly solutions.

    Internet of Things

    The internet has made excellent strides from Internet of Communication (IoC) to Internet of Things (IoT). Such leaps bear made it feasible to abundantly combine divergent objects and elevate increased the transferability of postulates level withquenched ethnical insinuation. These advances bear in a excellent practice revolutionized how we speed. Alikely, the selfselfidentical contact is expected in the betterment of library services. According to Pujara and  Satyanarayana (2015), Internet of Things refers to a computing concept describing a controlthcoming in which material objects are interconnected by the internet and can abundantly fulgorge themselves to divergent devices withquenched any ethnical or computer interaction. The enlargement of IoT has contacted libraries in a excellent practice and are besides to contact the diligence in a elevate marvellous practice.

    Though IoT dominion be rendered as an infant technology, it bears excellent germinative in-library conservation. As Pujara and Satyanarayana (2015) repeat, IoT technological trends are to-leap to infer elevate appraise to library services and tender a astonishing acquirements to librarians. Basically, IoT entails combineing objects with others as each of them is choicely identifiable. Librarians bear already been familiarized with combineing library objects behind using Radio Frequency Identifier Devices (RFID) which frequently updates the library treatment species with the tags and books that bear been issued to conservationrs. IoT, thus-far, differs with RFID in that it’s the internet interacting with the objects such as magazines, books, and so on (Massis, 2015).

    Prevalently, IoT has been chained in approximationing library instrument using movefficient apps that produce members with substantial library cards. Such apps produce a conservationr with entire the apt postulates of the precipitation of the instrument and as-well produces inferitional notification such as other instrument alike to the expedients the conservationr is appearing coercion on sites such as Amazon. Elevate, IoT accelerations to inform conservationrs on when a expedients is imputefficient and in predicament it’s aggravatedue, it produces the conservationr with the accumulated nobles. Inferitionally, fantastic trends entireow conservationrs to secure the noble s withquenched having to fabricate desire queues on the Librarian’s desk.

    Forthcoming Trends of IoT in Libraries

    Aggravate the instant five years, IoT collision in libraries seems to be a iron area with excellent germinative. According to Massis, as crowd befit elevate recent with technology, there is a insufficiency coercion services tendered to equal up with the selfselfidentical advancements. Thus, as IoT evolves in the instant five years, numerous varys are expected such as elevate library functions that round the library buildings into clever buildings. In this predicament, students and elaborationers scantiness a library that they can approximation substantially any notification that they quest (Hahn, 2017).

    IoT ought to chain elevate of its authority to produce statistics on how library instrument are conservationd. Elevate, it get be efficient to produce a map that indicates the sections in a library that are in-great-measure conservationd, and at the selfselfidentical interval produce indemnification postulates on library conservationrs acquirementss. Using such statistics, it can as-well count the possibility of a conservationr reverting or resorting to Google (Pujara & Satyanarayana, 2015). A coercionecast by Han (2017) reveals that by 2020, libraries get be using clever digital shelves which are efficient to elevate library instrument and getingeds domiciled on librarians borrowing narrative registers. Elevate, it get be conservationd in supply substance which is main in locating misplaced instrument.  Additionally, IoT get tender a homogeneity platform that advocates coercion unimpeded and notorious library services that tender a store of postulates and other repositories.

    On the other index, as the Internet of Things befits elevate ordinary, it befits a target coercion hackers and other malicious crowd (Hahn, 2017). As shelter and secrecy befit a summit of moment to most internet conservationrs, Libraries are expected to annex elevate active in postulates shelter and guaranteeing of secrecy. This is becaconservation IoT increases the verisimilitude of sharing postulates with third parties which dominion endanger special notification. Therefore, libraries get leverage IoT to survive trusted institutions and at the selfselfidentical interval survive as secrecy watchdogs.

    Constructed Report

    The theme of constructed report (AI) has gained suggestive applaconservation aggravate the instrument coercion its plethora of technological collisions. Though constructed report is reported as an hovering denunciation to the ethnical husk, it has wide-spdiscover advantages that can’t be aggravatelooked. The purpose of AI collision in libraries is agreeable. With the conservation of computers authorityed by AI, numerous industries and services bear been revolutionized. Alikely, librarians bear the germinative to inspect the selfselfidentical coercion the instant five years.  

    According to Wood and Evans (2018),  minimal has been performed to speculation into the conservation of constructed report in libraries. Thus-far, AI has build its conservation in libraries lowerneathneath disposed speciess that tender intimation services. It has been conservationd in providing patrons with apt and recommended sources coercion multitudinous questions relieving the librarian the service of referencing. Second, it has been conservationd in cataloging withquenched any input insufficiencyed from an intermediary. As inspired by Coleman (2017), it has been feasible to quest aggravate the floods of pamphlets through conservation of postulates mining, computer desire, and true speech processing to select valuefficient notification from hordes of studies and to evaluate divergent pamphlets. Elevatemore, it has been conservationd in the species of acquirements in notification centers and libraries. Another practice in which AI has been leveraged in libraries is through unsupervised attainments. This has been made feasible by leveraging multi-layered machine attainments (heartfelt attainments) that chaines constructed neural neteffect architectures.

    However, it’s main to rethink how metamorphoseational AI can be when amply solidityd into library services. Controlthcoming trends in AI quests to solidity the acquirements and skills of library staffs, students, and scholars to catruth an aggravatehaul in the library services using sharp speciess that deference the instrument conjuncture at the selfselfidentical interval retaining mind, occupys fastidious inquiries, and elevate mainly, supports acquirements fabrication and attainments. Using this technology get tender a plethora of services and instrument. Constructed report collision in library services promises to revolutionize how librarianship is sentimented.

    Currently, there is the conservation of substantial library assistants that is main in enhancing customer services and increasing approximationibility of instrument. According to McArthur, Lewis, and Bishary (2005) with most of the libraries nature digitized, there is a fixed insufficiency coercion converting entire libraries into substantial libraries. Inferitionally, there is a abided insufficiency coercion having a substantial library where entire library instrument can be approximationed in a unmarried interface. According to Coleman (2017), the trends in AI quests to revolutionize substantial libraries in a practice that patrons can log onto library gateways, retreat questes, approximation entire availefficient instrument, colloquy with librarians using  messenger apps, video centire whenever they insufficiency specific trailing or inferential referencing, discover prevalent awareness updates, and re-examination the acceleration gateway. Placing entire these lowerneathneath individual roof can be made feasible using constructed report by the year 2022. Elevate, institutions are rethinking how to solidity constructed report in the learning programs by making wide-spdiscover library repositories traceable, analyzefficient and questefficient in fantastic practices (Coleman, 2017).


    Wide-spdiscover technological advances bear been made. In a alike deportment, technologies are nature phased quenched and replaced with fantastic technologies which are remote ample recent. Thus, divergent technological opportunitys bear to conduct up with the evolving conservationr insufficiencys. These trends bear in a excellent practice forced how conservationrs sentiment libraries. The conservation of libraries has befit elevate recent as libraries bear sought to leverage divergent technologies such as the Internet of Things, Constructed Report, and Substantial Substantiality to patch the husk of services tendered and to conduct scholars and students amid the library environs. As discussed over, each of the technologies over affects library services in a choice practice. At the selfselfidentical interval, fantastic trends are demanding fantastic varys in each of this technology. Amid the instant five years, it’s feasible that these technologies and elevate others get bear evolved to gorge in the gaps that survive amid the library and other notification agencies.


    Avila, S. (2017). Implementing Augmented Substantiality in Academic Libraries. Public Services Quartely, 190-199.

    Coleman, C. N. (2017, November 3). Constructed report and the library of the controlthcoming, revisited. Retrieved from Stanford Libraries: http://library.stanford.edu/blogs/digital-library-blog/2017/11/artificial-intelligence-and-library-future-revisited

    Hahn, J. (2017). The Internet of Things (IoT) and Libraries. Library Technology Reports, 1-8.

    Lessick, S., & Kraft, M. (2017). Facing substantiality: the enlargement of substantial substantiality and sanity sciences libraries. Journal of Medical Library Associations, 407-417.

    Liu, G. (2011). The collision of sharp vicars in libraries: a view. 78-79.

    Massis, B. (2015). The Internet of Things and its Contact on the Library. Fantastic Library Globe, 289-292.

    McArthur, D., Lewis, M., & Bishary, M. (2005). The Roles of Constructed Report in Teaching: Prevalent Progress and Controlthcoming Prospects. Journal of Teachingal Technology, 42-80.

    Pujara, S. M., & Satyanarayana, K. V. (2015). Internet of Things and Libraries. Annals of Library and Notification Studies, 186-190.

    Santos, J. F., & Esposo-Betan, S. M. (2017). Advantages and Challenges of Using Augmented Substantiality coercion Library Orientations in an Academic/Elaboration Library Setting. Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences (pp. 1-12). Purimputefficient e-Pubs.

    Wood, B. A., & Evans, D. J. (2018). Librarians’ Perceptions of Constructed Report and Its Germinative Contact on the Profession. Notification Today.