Technology Transfer Research Paper For this paper, you will research, analyze, and discuss the processes involved in helping technologies emerge from the R&D environment so that they can be incorporated into products and services which meet the needs of the cybersecurity industry. Your research should include: technology transfer processes and initiatives and funding sources, i.e. venture capital, government grants, etc. You should also address the technology development lifecycle and the role of funding availability at each of the lifecycle stages (See NIST GCR 02-841). Begin your research by reading the following documents and resources about technology transfer processes and initiatives. Continue your research by investigating the availability (or lack) of federal funding for innovations in the cybersecurity area. What is a technology? http://www.useoftechnology.com/what-is-technology/ Technology R&D Lifecycle: Between invention and innovation: An analysis of funding for early-stage technology development (NIST GCR 02-841). (pp. 1-76) https://www.nist.gov/sites/default/files/documents/2017/05/09/gcr02-841a.pdf What is technology transfer? http://www.utrs.com/technology_transfer.html Technology Transfer @ DHS http://www.dhs.gov/technology-transfer-program http://www.dhs.gov/csd-ep DHS Transition to Practice (TTP) FY 2016 pp. 1-23 https://www.dhs.gov/sites/default/files/publications/CSD%20TTP%20FY16%20Tech%20Guide.pdf Technology Transfer @ NSA https://www.nsa.gov/research/tech_transfer/ Technology Transfer @ Federal Government: http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-127 Cyber Maryland Report http://mdcao.usmd.edu/Maryland%20Department%20of%20Economic%20Development%20CyberReport.pdf Next, research the role that private funding (venture capital) plays in providing money and resources to innovators who are developing cybersecurity technologies and products. How does the availability of venture capital impact the development of technology? How do venture capitalists influence the emergence or death of technology developments? Provide specific examples from your research. Your research is to be incorporated into a 3 to 5 page written summary of the technology transfer process and associated funding issues. Your report is to be prepared using basic APA formatting and submitted as an MS Word attachment to the Technology Transfer Research Paper entry in your assignments folder. See the sample paper and paper template provided in Content > Course Documents > APA Resources. For an “A,” you must use and cite at least five of the authoritative sources listed in this assignment. You must also find and use additional authoritative sources in your analysis. This means that your reference list must have at least ten authoritative sources and those sources must be cited properly in your paper. Grading Rubric: Consult the grading rubric for specific content and formatting requirements for this assignment. Rubric Name: Technology Transfer Paper Rubric Criteria Excellent Outstanding Acceptable Needs Improvement Needs Significant Improvement Missing / Unacceptable Introduction & Overview (10 pts) 10 points Provided an excellent introduction / overview which thoroughly introduced the topic of this paper. Introduction addressed: Technology Transfer Processes Technology Development Life Cycle Funding Sources & Issues 8 points Provided an outstanding introduction / overview which introduced the topic of this paper. Introduction provided adequate mention of the following: Technology Transfer Processes Technology Development Life Cycle Funding Sources & Issues 7 points Provided an introduction / overview which introduced the topic of this paper. Introduction mentioned or provided some information about: Technology Transfer Processes Technology Development Life Cycle Funding Sources & Issues 5 points Provided an introduction / overview which introduced the topic of this paper. 4 points Provided an introduction / overview but this section was lacking in content and/or did not tell the reader what to expect (topic of the paper) and/or this section was not well supported by information from authoritative sources. 0 points Introduction was missing or not relevant to the required topic for this paper. Technology Development Life Cycle (10 pts) 10 points Provided an excellent explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Explanation included all phases (stages) of the life cycle (as defined in NIST GCR 02-841) and provided relevant examples of the types of activities which occur in each phase (stage). Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 2 or more authoritative sources). 8 points Provided an outstanding explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Explanation included all phases (stages) of the life cycle (as defined in NIST GCR 02-841) and provided relevant examples of the types of activities which occur in each phase (stage). Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 2 or more authoritative sources). 7 points Provided an explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Explanation included all phases (stages) of the life cycle (as defined in NIST GCR 02-841) and provided relevant examples of the types of activities which occur in each phase (stage). Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion. 5 points Provided an explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Explanation mentioned phases (stages) of the life cycle (as defined in NIST GCR 02-841) and provided a few examples of the types of activities which occur in each phase (stage). 4 points Attempted to provide an explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Explanation was incomplete and/or this section was not well supported by information from authoritative sources. 0 points Did not include an explanation of the Technology Development Life Cycle. Technology Transfer Processes (20 pts) 20 points Provided an excellent explanation of the Technology Transfer Process and included a discussion of the key players who participate (i.e. inventors, universities, companies, investors). Explanation included examples of two or more phases (stages) of the technology development life cycle at which technology transfer occurs. Researched additional sources of information about technology transfer (beyond those included in the assignment). Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 3 or more authoritative sources). 17 points Provided an outstanding explanation of the Technology Transfer Process and included a discussion of the key players who participate (i.e. inventors, universities, companies, investors). Explanation included examples of phases (stages) of the technology development life cycle at which technology transfer occurs. Researched additional sources of information about technology transfer (beyond those included in the assignment). Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 2 or more authoritative sources). 15 points Provided an explanation of the Technology Transfer Process which included a discussion of the key players who participate (i.e. inventors, universities, companies, investors). Explanation included mention of the phases (stages) of the technology development life cycle at which technology transfer occurs. Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion. 12 points Provided an explanation of the Technology Transfer Process. Explanation included mention of the phases (stages) of the technology development life cycle at which technology transfer occurs. Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion. 4 points Attempted an explanation of the Technology Transfer Process but, the explanation was lacking details and/or was not well supported by information from authoritative sources. 0 points Did not discuss the technology transfer process. Funding Sources & Issues (20 pts) 20 points Provided an excellent explanation of the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process. Included a discussion of the key players who are involved in funding decisions (i.e. inventors, universities, government agencies, companies, investors). Explanation included examples of two or more types of funding for technology transfer. Researched additional sources of information and used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 3 or more authoritative sources). 17 points Provided an outstanding explanation of the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process. Included a discussion of the key players who are involved in funding decisions (i.e. inventors, universities, government agencies, companies, investors). Explanation mentioned different types of funding for technology transfer. Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion (including 3 or more authoritative sources). 15 points Provided an explanation of the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process. Mentioned two or more key players who are involved in funding decisions. Mentioned different types of funding for technology transfer. Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion. 12 points Provided an explanation of the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process. Mentioned different types of funding for technology transfer. Used appropriate authoritative sources to support the discussion. 4 points Mentioned the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process but this information lacked details and/or was not well supported by information from authoritative sources. 0 points Did not discuss the role that funding plays in the technology transfer process. Summary and Conclusions (10 pts) 10 points Provided a separate section of the paper which contained an excellent and thorough summary of the information presented in the paper. Presented at least 3 appropriate conclusions regarding technology transfer and related issues. 8 points Provided a separate section of the paper which contained an outstanding summary of the information presented in the paper. Presented 2 or more appropriate conclusions regarding technology transfer and related issues. 7 points Provided a separate section of the paper which contained a summary of the information presented in the paper. Presented at least one appropriate conclusion regarding technology transfer and related issues. 5 points Provided a summary of the information presented in the paper. Did not draw conclusions about technology transfer and related issues. 4 points Summary and conclusions were weak. OR, the summary was poorly organized and/or contained inappropriate information or opinion. (Or, inappropriate or excessive copying from other authors’ work.) 0 points Did not provide summary and conclusions for the paper. Quality of Research (10 pts) 10 points Demonstrated excellence in researching technology transfer as it applies to emerging technologies and the technology development life cycle. Used 10 or more authoritative sources in the writing of this assignment (including at least three that were not listed in the assignment). Sources used were diverse and included information obtained from journal articles, government Web sites, university Web sites (e.g. “Office of Technology Transfer” or “Office of Technology Commercialization”), etc. 8 points Researched the technology transfer as it applies to emerging technologies and the technology development life cycle. Used 8 or more authoritative sources in the writing of this assignment (including at least three that were not listed in the assignment). Sources used were diverse and included information obtained from journal articles, government Web sites, university Web sites (e.g. “Office of Technology Transfer” or “Office of Technology Commercialization”), etc. 7 points Researched the technology transfer as it applies to emerging technologies and the technology development life cycle. Used 3 or more authoritative sources in the writing of this assignment (including at least one that was not listed in the assignment). Sources used were diverse and included information obtained from journal articles, government Web sites, university Web sites (e.g. “Office of Technology Transfer” or “Office of Technology Commercialization”), etc. 5 points Used 3 or more authoritative sources in the writing of this assignment. Demonstrated some independent research (used sources beyond those listed in the assignment) 4 points Used one or more authoritative sources from the assignment in the writing of this assignment. (Did not demonstrate independent research.) 0 points Citations and/or reference list were missing. OR, citations only used inappropriate sources (non authoritative). APA Formatting for Citations and Reference List (5 pts) 5 points Work contains a reference list containing entries for all cited resources. Reference list entries and in-text citations are correctly formatted using the appropriate APA style for each type of resource. Applies the APA formatting standard as defined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 4 points Work contains a reference list containing entries for all cited resources. One or two minor errors in APA format for in-text citations and/or reference list entries. Applies the APA formatting standard as defined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 3 points Work contains a reference list containing entries for all cited resources. No more than 3 minor errors in APA format for in-text citations and/or reference list entries. Applies the APA formatting standard as defined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 2 points Work contains a reference list containing entries for cited resources. Work contains no more than 5 minor errors in APA format for in-text citations and/or reference list entries. Attempts to apply the APA formatting standard as defined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 1 point Work attempts to credit sources but demonstrates a fundamental failure to understand and apply the APA formatting standard as defined in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.). 0 points Reference list and/or in-text citations are missing. Professionalism Part I: Organization & Appearance (5 pts) 5 points Submitted work shows excellent organization and presentation. Formatting complies with requirements listed in the assignment. The use of color, fonts, titles, headings and sub-headings, margins, etc. is appropriate to the assignment type. 4 points Submitted work shows outstanding organization and presentation. Formatting complies with requirements listed in the assignment. The use of color, fonts, titles, headings and sub-headings, margins, etc. is appropriate to the assignment type. 3 points Submitted work is well organized. No more than 3 minor deviations from formatting requirements listed in the assignment. The use of color, fonts, titles, headings and sub-headings, margins, etc. is appropriate to the assignment type. 2 points Submitted work lacks organization and/or has multiple style or formatting errors. Organization and professional appearance need improvement. 1 point Submitted work lacks organization and/or has multiple style or formatting errors. Organization and professional appearance need significant improvement. 0 points No work submitted. Professionalism Part II: Execution (10 pts) 10 points Work reflects a professional writing style. There were no formatting, grammar, spelling, or punctuation errors. 8 points Work contains minor errors in formatting, grammar, spelling or punctuation which do not significantly impact professionalism in writing style. 7 points Work contains no more than 5 errors in formatting, spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Errors slightly impact the professional appearance of the submitted work. 5 points Work contains no more than 5 errors in formatting, spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Errors impact the professional appearance of the submitted work. 4 points Work contains significant errors in formatting, spelling, grammar, or punctuation. Errors seriously impact the professional appearance of the submitted work. 0 points No work submitted. Overall Score Excellent 90 or more Outstanding 80 or more Acceptable 70 or more Needs Improvement 53 or more Needs Significant Improvement 9 or more Missing / Unacceptable 0 or more

    Technology alienate

    Introduction

    Technology has grace a superior driver of opposed facets of duration in today’s cosmos-nation including skillful-treatment of dealing and barter, ordinary empires, recommendation, medical scrutiny, astrology, archeology and a multitude of multifarious other activities that elucidate cosmical life. As such, the children of cyber carelessness graces a weighty component to deduce when developing and adopting technology past any breaches to devices or programs correctiond with a point could medium cumbrous losses tranquillityraint twain the utility providers and the subscribers. Technology has been guide to the efficient dissuasive of daily activities relish checking single’s bank weigh, message, food (Teece, 2008) inchoate others. In multifarious cases, most nation push on with their interactions with technology and the components that succeed with it oblivious of the deed that insurance is refertelling unimpassioned, excepting there is a specific arrangement of scrutiny and issue that has to be established tranquillityraint technology to be conscious as close and close. This arrangement involves three other clear arrangementes namely the technology alienate arrangement, the technology issue cycle and the funding arrangement.

    Technology Issue Arrangement

    The arrangement of technology issue involves five fronts. These fronts are followed to agitate from the dishonortelling class through to innovatingfangledness. The former class of the arrangement is the primal scrutiny class. This is the front where the primal class of developing the purpose. It tranquillityraintms the plea tranquillityraint start empire or municipal scrutiny (Cooper, 2006). The scrutiny besides involves securing the purpose that has been open through techniques such as indisputableing. The indisputtelling is correctiond to defend the psychological goods of the contriver from life stolen, copied, mitigated or dealt with in any other habit opposed to the wishes of the proprietor of the purpose. The second front is referred to as examinationimony of the concept. The deep external here is to establish a prototype that can be correctiond to clear-up the conceptual framework of the purpose. The prototypes should behold the similar as the decisive issue close tranquillityraint the species in project that may be manufactured during examinationing. The primal examination is imported so that a decisive dgalled of the project of the calculated issue can be compliant and the primal dishonortelling started.

    The third front is the coming technology issue class. This class of coming technology issue is very weighty past the constructor ha to inmunicipal the employment deduceations. It can besides be referred to as the arrangement of employment validation (Schot, 2001). This is where integral the axioms that had been firm tranquillityraint the issue of the prototype anteriorly introduction to investors is evaluated, and the firm that is deduceed momentous tranquillityraint employment is kept time the tranquillity is discarded. The decisive load is then tabled anteriorly implicit investors tranquillityraint speculation cardinal and other funding arrangements.

    The fourth front is the operations and sustainment front. Here, the technology developer is ardent in the best practices that demand life conducted to terminate the externals of the deep mission. The results and issues of the issue arrangement are coercionmer seen at this class. The decisive front is the decisive closequenched of the issue arrangement. The results of the issue arrangementes are examinationed and genteel anteriorly life presented to the pertinent sentence and certification authorities tranquillityraint elevate examinationing and tranquillityraintmal certification.

    Technology Alienate Arrangement

    Disclosure

    Disclosure involves the provision of a tranquillityraintmal muniment referred to as the “disclosure muniment” that is correctiond to edify the authorities of the innovatingfangledness that single has open. Following submitting ion of the muniment, the innovatingfangledness is examinationed tranquillityraint indisputableability and implicit commercialization.

    Evaluation

    At this class, the contriver clear-ups and defends his dishonortelling in front of a panel of experts who create the decisive sentence whether the purpose obtain be indisputableed and commercialized. If the sentence is to the affirmative, the contriver is consecrated a crude unsteady to prosecute the issue of the purpose.

    Protection

    This involves defending the purpose. It is weighty to inquire the constitutional recommendation of indisputtelling attorneys when inquireing to defend the purpose to minimize the chances of the purpose getting hijacked by other nation. They besides touch the technology alienate negotiations

    Marketing

    Single might be telling to fabricate the occasion medium excepting negotiateing it may be quenched of their coalition. This is why it is advistelling to beg the utilitys of a functional negotiateer whose work obtain be to test implicit sources of finance and implicit negotiates. This is where the arrangement of alienate starts equitable. As ardent buyers settle their orders

    Licensing

    The licensing authorities produce hues to an special abquenched the technology. The special is integralowed to effect tranquillityraint the alienate, and where the technology is in the exoteric intetranquillity (Teece, 2008), the licensing warrant may integralow another individual to correction the dishonortelling withquenched necessarily having to consider with the coercionmer proprietor.

    Funding

    The component of funding is weighty to the arrangement of technology alienate.  In being, the alienate arrangement is deemed to grasp the innovatingfangledness from the prototype class to commercialization where it is consecrated financial estimate. As such funds acceleration in facilitating the compensation of galled materials, equipment, hiring foundation staff, paying empire changes tranquillityraint licenses and negotiateing the dishonorable. Sources of technology alienate funding apprehend speculation cardinal, proprietor’s cardinal, adventitious funds such as loaned, donations from friends and nobility as polite as federal empire funding.

    Conclusion

    Restraint a technology to be pretended close and close and conscious tranquillityraint cosmical decrease, various steps feel to be followed. A decisive issue starts from the intelligence of the purpose, issue of the prototype, and decisively the express dishonortelling and negotiateing. Empire licenses and indisputableing are weighty to twain the contriver and the correctionr past the contriver can close their dishonortelling from unacknowledged advent time the correctionr is guaranteed of tendency technology. The empire besides stands to boon from the innovatingfangledness following it has been commercialized through taxation.

    References

    Bercovitz, J., & Feldman, M. (2006). Entrepreneurial universities and technology alienate: A conceptual framework tranquillityraint brains knowledge-based economic issue. The Journal of Technology Alienate, 31(1), 175-188.

    Cooper, R. G. (2006). Managing technology issue projects. Scrutiny-Technology Skillful-treatment, 49(6), 23-31.

    Schot, J. (2001). Towards innovating tranquillityraintms of participatory technology issue. Technology Analysis & Strategic Skillful-treatment, 13(1), 39-52.

    Teece, D. J. (2008). Technology alienate by multinational firms: The contrivance require of alienatering technological know-how. In The Alienate And Licensing Of Know-How And Psychological Goods: Brains the Multinational Enterprise in the Modern Cosmos-nation (pp. 1-22).

    Teece, D. J. (2008). The negotiate tranquillityraint know-how and the efficient interpolitical alienate of technology. In The Alienate And Licensing Of Know-How And Psychological Goods: Brains the Multinational Enterprise in the Modern Cosmos-people (pp. 31-46).