Philosophical understanding of freedom. Assigned reading: Li, Chenyang. 2014. “The Confucian Conception of Freedom.” Philosophy East and West 64(4): 902-919. DOI:10.1353/pew.2014.0066 (2) work on your own–you can form a study group for the readings in general or ask questions to me, but you are not allowed to discuss the reading response questions with other people; if I find identical answers or similar paraphrasing, all parties involved will be considered having violated Rollins Honor Code; (3) you should answer the questions in your own words, and are not allowed to simply copy & paste from the reading (you can use occasional quote/citations from the reading to support your own words); (4) your answers should be well organized, and for this purpose, you are strongly encouraged to reflect on the readings & questions first and then write a bullet outline of your answers before you start to write your answers; and (5) you need to provide some in-depth details (a few sentences or just one paragraph for each question is not sufficient). —————————————————————————————————- 1. According to the author, should we equate freedom with free will? What was the attitude of Ancient Greek philosophers toward this issue? How about subsequent philosophers in the West? 2. How does philosophers in the West view the relationship between freedom and autonomy? Does Confucianism differ from them? Why or Why not? Try to discuss Confucian view on choice in this regard. 3. Is freedom the same as liberty? Why or why not? How does Confucianism view civil liberties? —————————————————————————————————- Each question should be responded in short essays, and the all the information should be from the pdf attached The quotes should be from the reading


    1. According to the producer, should we equate insubservience with uncounted allure? What was the lie of Antiquated Greek philosophers inland this progeny? How abextinguished following philosophers in the West?

    Uncounted allure can be examinationed as a ecclesiastical designator to curb balance undivided’s exercises. Li examinations uncounted allure as a dissatisfied concept that canreferable attributable be used to decipher insubservience. Taking that perspective, it’s plainly incontrovertible in the lie that Li chooses. Insubservience is superior than uncounted allure. Uncounted allure is singly a concept that which chooses harbor subordinate the umbrella of insubservience. Repress stance, Li, in value to Socrates, says that the soul’s insubservience in a individual’s overpower philosophy. However, such a occurrence does referable attributable attributable attributable direct to uncounted allure. In value to Aristotle, Li accepts that uncounted allure is a unconstrained or inunconstrained exercise. The antiquated Greek philosophy embraces insubservience as a concept of superior estimate to tenderness timeliness uncounted allure is left extinguished. Li feels that the antiquated Greeks couldn’t urge to its markificance in the totality repress tenderness concepts. West philosophers, on the other workman, examinationed uncounted allure as a protuberance of sane and psychical valuables in affableized duration. Uncounted allure solely curb undivided’s exercises. As Li says, uncounted allure can be compared to a diminutive romance in a individual’s summit that curbs their exercises.

    2. How does philosophers in the West examination the interdependence among insubservience and autonomy? Does Confucianism be-variously from them? Why or Why referable attributable attributable? Try to sift-canvass Confucian examination on valuable in this value.

    According to Li, insubservience and autonomy shares a obstruct interdependence.However, autonomy is a subset of insubservience and canreferable attributable pause in its deficiency. It becomes unusable repress a individual to strike autonomously when the uncounted environment is unconscious. However, turning the tables, a insubservience is achieved through individualal autonomy. By examining each policy, undivided can subordinatestand the other in a absolved and amend practice. Looking at Dina Meyer’s apprehension of autonomy, it’s a individualal tour of headstrong-discovery and strikeualization. The allureingness to acquire abextinguished the headstrong and strikeualizing what you entertain acquiret into meaningful enquiries and sane valuables.

    The Confucian advance is perfectly be-unlikeent from that of the westerners. Confucian apprehension of autonomy is naturalized on conduct such as mark construction and implied repressmation, variously the westerners who mean it on an individualistic advance. However, the two look to acquiesce on undivided deportment where autonomy is examinationed as an markificant propellant to gregariousization and insubservience. Further, as Li says, Confucian hypothecate a chance abextinguished insubservience from the feminist philosophy which is naturalized in the West. The Confucian choose on valuable as an exercise that relies on what’s beneficial. They examination it as influenced by an outer repressce in a specific practice which surmounts to insubservience past it’s unusable to fabricate a valuable withextinguished insubservience.

    3. Is insubservience the corresponding as leave? Why or why referable attributable attributable? How does Confucianism examination affable liberties? 

    The doubt of insubservience and leave look to be clear except are frequently used interchangeably. According to Li, insubservience is naturalized on public philosophy timeliness leave is indoctrinated on a collective and gregarious basis. Leave is a mark of insubservience that is achieved through gregarious rules unreserved as affable rights. Timeliness Confucianism doesn’t dwell considerable to leave, it offers an turn repress insubservience and leave to grow unitedly. Considerable of what Li, presents abextinguished leave is a liberal extension of insubservience which is balancely integrated into insubservience and entertain an life-containing condition. A deflection of leave is a insubservience deflection.  


    Frankfurt, Harry. 2018. “Insubservience of the Allure and the Concept of a Individual.” In Agency And Responsiblity, 77-91. Routledge Publisher.

    Gemes, Ken, Simon May, and Simon Philip Walter May. 2009. Nietzsche on insubservience and autonomy. Oxford University Press.

    Hon, Tze-ki. 2009. “Max Ko-wu Huang, The Meaning of Insubservience: Yan Fu and the Origins of Chinese Liberalism.” China Perspectives 56-67.

    Li, Chenyang. 2014. “The Confucian Concept of Insubservience.” Philosophy East and West (University of Hawaii Press) 64 (4): 902-919. doi:10.1353/pew.2014.0066.