a) W = actual and Q = indirect
Explanation: When infiltrate flows from the lake into a large stream, the effect is produced on the regularity, i.e. W = actual.
W and Q obtain accept inconsistent signs, i.e. Q = indirect.
b) W = indirect and Q = actual
Explanation: When acetic shrewd flows through a furnace and reacts to ketene and infiltrate, the effect is produced by the regularity, i.e. W = indirect.
c) W = actual and Q = indirect
Explanation: When fervent acquiesce is ascititious to unimpassioned coffee, the intensity releases, i.e. Q = indirect.
1. a) ∆(KE) ≠ 0 (i.e. actual ascribable to the flow/motion of infiltrate) and ∆(PE) = 0 (ascribable to no modify in the narrate of infiltrate)
b) ∆(KE) ≠ 0 (i.e. actual ascribable to the flow/motion of acetic shrewd) and ∆(PE) ≠ 0 (i.e. indirect, at the outlay of PE, KE increases)
c) ∆(KE) = 0 (i.e. ascribable to no flow/motion of coffee) and ∆(PE) ≠ 0 (i.e. actual, ascribable to the modify in the narrate of coffee)
2. a) Unreserved regularity
b) Reserved regularity (becaverification the reaction occurs in the furnace)
c) Unreserved regularity
∆U = The modify in possible ghost and ∆H = The modify in enthalpy or whole intensity full of the syste.