1. The execution of a client-server arrangement is strongly influenced by span greater network characteristics: the bandwidth of the network (that is, how divers morsels/sec it can bliss) and the latency (that is, how divers avoids it procures ce the principal morsel to secure from the client to the server). Impart an pattern of a network that exhibits tall bandwidth baraccentuation also tall latency. Then impart an pattern of single that has twain subdued bandwidth and subdued latency.
2. What are span reasons ce using layered protocols? What is single practicable hindrance of using layered protocols?
3. What is the deep disagreement betwixt TCP and UDP?
4. An picture is 1600 × 1200 pixels with 3 bytes/pixel. Assume the picture is uncompressed. How covet does it procure to cast it aggravate a 56-kbps modem record? Aggravate a 1-Mbps cable modem?
5. Calculate the end-to-end transit interval ce a packet ce twain GEO (altitude: 35,800 km), MEO (altitude: 18,000 km) and LEO (altitude: 750 km) followers.
6. Three packet-switching networks each comprehend n nodes. The principal network has a something topology with a accessible switch, the avoid is a (bidirectional) accentuation, and the third is abundantly interconnected, with a wire from full node to full other node. What are the best-, average-, and worst-case transmission paths in hops?