Colorado University -Global Campus Kenneth D. Gosset, ph.D April 24th, 2017 National interest refers to the economic, military and cultural ambitions and goals of a country. This concept or idea is significant for international relations where pursuing national interest is the basis of the realist school. Ii is a term which is used to explain the aspirations as well as the goals of a particular nation. These goals can either be cultural, economic, military or social. It is the most preferred idea for the citizens. This paper provides the broad meaning of the phrase nation interest. This is a concept that has been used for political analysis was well as actions. As an investigative tool, it is used to explain and evaluate the adequacy of the foreign policies of a particular country. It is also an instrument of political action since it can be used to denounce, propose or justify policies (Morgenthau, 1982). Thus, national interest usage enhances the betterment of the society by advocating for what is best for the citizens. Not only does national interest focus on what is good for the people regarding local matters but also foreign affairs. National interest is valuable when it comes to making a decision for the nation. Decision makers, as well as policy makers, have to consider the people’s interest so that they can set reasonable objectives, make right judgements and act sensibly in certain circumstances. A decision made by leaders that affect the public or all people affects national interest, though, it not easy to monitor and implement policies as well as decisions made by the decision maker (Brennan, 2016). Research shows that the term “national interest” resembles concepts such as the public interest and the welfare of all individual in a country. These policies can be linked to the particular choice of actions by taking into consideration sub-goals that are seemingly related. Therefore, national interest includes various sub-goals which influence foreign policies. There are different types of national interest. They include self-regarding interest, other-regarding interest and collective interest. Self- governing interest are the ways of achieving protection and extension of advantages to the citizens of a state. For this type of national interest, Preference in given to liberty, protection of lives as well as property. Other-regarding interest refers to the advantages of the benefits received by other nations though, actions taken can lead to indirect effects as well as intangible benefits to a country. On the other hand, collective interest. For this type, the benefits accrued cannot be separated (Morgenthau, 1982). Thus, all people benefit and this may be in the form of preservation of a healthy atmosphere of the good aquatic environment. Collective interest can only be achieved if there is a good maintenance of an orderly economic system and action meant to ensure enough food supply. There are dangers when the national interest is considered as a rationale for national behavior. For instance, in the real sense, foreign policy is not determined by national interest. This argument is supported by the claim that legitimation or validation of foreign policy as well as foreign policy conduct, the principle of the description of how nations behave the way they do and the principle of guidance of what nations do. Thus, the claim for legitimization and validation is right, but the two others are false and are only applicable in rare cases. For instance, fighting for liberalisation. Secondly decision making approaches based on national interest suffers setbacks. Thus, it is not easy to ascertain if a policy has been decided upon since most policies go through process and revisions due to changes in external conditions. It is not easy possible to avoid this difficulty by giving attention the values that officials adopt in the process of making decisions. Decision makers assert different conceptions regarding the goals of foreign policy and, under such situation little guidance is derived from national interest. Moreover, national interest may be in favor of a particular nation an at the same time disadvantage the other and this might lead to conflicts. References Morgenthau, H. J. (1982). In Defense of the National Interest a Critical Examination of American Foreign Policy. Brennan, F. (2016). Human Rights and the National Interest: The Case Study of Asylum, Migration, and National Border Protection. BC Int’l & Comp. L. Rev., 39, 47.