Assignment Option 1: Investment Analysis Imagine that you are an executive with a multinational corporation that wants to open a manufacturing facility in an underdeveloped country. You have been assigned the responsibility of preparing a report on the suitability of a particular country for investment. Your company is concerned with the investment climate in this country, but is equally interested in the country’s political stability and its social and cultural environment since it will be making a substantial financial commitment. Your corporation views this as not only an opportunity to make a profit, but also as a humanitarian effort to help improve the standard of living in a lesser developed country. For your Portfolio Project, select a country in Africa, Asia, or South America and study that country in depth, applying concepts covered throughout the course. Prepare a detailed report for your Board of Directors that includes the following information: General information: Population of the country (see 1 below for more information) Important ethnic or racial groups and divisions Per capita gross domestic product (see 2 below for more information) UN Human Development Index rankings (see 2 below for more information) Freedom House scores for political rights and civil liberties (see 3 below for more information) The economic position of your country compared to other countries (wealthy, poor, middle income). Classification and structure of government Liberal democracy, illiberal democracy, authoritarian regime? Philosophers or thinkers who have influenced the political history and development of the system of government Presidential, parliamentary or other system? Who is the head of government? Electoral system: how are legislators selected? How is the executive elected or chosen? How is the bureaucracy staffed? What is the highest level of the judiciary? Does judicial review exist? Is your country a federal or unitary system? How are policies administered in your country? Is there a written constitution? How old is it? Is it considered to be effective? Does it have the support of the people? How much control does government exercise over the economy? Competition, stability and civil society Number and strength of political parties Major conflicts between parties (liberal, conservative, left-right, ethnicity, etc.) Voting behavior – if your country is a democracy, what is the turnout for elections? Is voting compulsory? (See 4 below for more information.) What are the results of the most recent election? When is the next national election? Are there any recent political changes? Major social movements? Economic environment Suitability of the country for foreign investment Government policy toward foreign investment Challenges and potential obstacles Advantages to foreign investment in this country. Other questions What are the most important political, economic, environmental and human rights issues facing your country? Is your country in conflict with its neighbors or other countries? What are its relations with major global powers ‑- the U.S., Europe, China, etc.? Required Resources: Data can be accessed through the World Bank website. Data can be found on the website of the UN Human Development Report Data available at Freedomhouse.org Data on election turnout available on the website of the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. To calculate turnout, divide the number of voters by the voting age population. Additional Requirements: Write a formal eight to ten page essay complete with discussion and citation from at least ten credible academic sources other than required course readings to support your findings. The CSU-Global Library is an excellent place to search for scholarly sources. In addition, provide a reference list, in alphabetical order by last name of author, in APA format, and include a title page at the beginning. Always follow CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements style and review the library material concerning APA style before turning in this assignment. Assignment Option 2: Fragile State Analysis For your portfolio project, you will evaluate a fragile (formerly called failed) state and develop a plan to help it recover and get back on the right track. This will involve a survey of the country’s history, the source of its problems, information about its people, economy, and culture, and its potential to succeed if given a chance. The Global Policy Forum website provides information on fragile/failed states in general, as well as specific states. ForeignPolicy.com provides the 2014 list of most fragile/failed states. You may choose your country for this study from the countries in dark red on the map at the bottom of the opening page. General information: Population of the country (see 1 below for more information) Important ethnic or racial groups and divisions Per capita gross domestic product (see 2 below for more information) UN Human Development Index rankings (see 2 below for more information) Freedom House scores for political rights and civil liberties (see 3 below for more information) The economic position of your country compared to other countries (wealthy, poor, middle income). History: Provide an overview of the country’s history, focusing on when and why it began to have problems leading to its fragile/failed status. Classification and structure of government: Although fragile/failed states lack an effective government, this does not mean that no one is trying to run the country or at least parts of the country. Who is trying to govern your chosen country? How are they attempting to do this? Are there attempts to hold elections? If so, how are these elections conducted, and what is voter turnout (See 4 below for more information)? When was the most recent election held, and what were the results? Competition, stability and civil society: Do political parties exist? If so, what are they, and what role do they play in the country’s problems and/or efforts to provide structure? Are there any recent political changes? Major social movements? Are their divisions or conflicts based on race/religion/culture, etc? Has genocide taken place? Who provides basic services such as utilities, education, medical care, etc? What is daily life like for the people? Economic environment: Major industries Natural resources Other sources of revenue Reliance on foreign aid. Other questions: What are the most important political, economic, environmental and human rights issues facing your country? Is your country in conflict with its neighbors or other countries? What are its relations with major global powers ‑- the U.S., Europe, China, etc? Conclude the paper with your assessment of the country’s future. What could be done to help the country become stable and develop an effective government? Include what the people can do to help themselves, as well as the role that other countries and humanitarian aid groups could play. Required Resources: Data can be accessed through the World Bank website. Data can be found on the website of the UN Human Development Report Data available at Freedomhouse.org Data on election turnout available on the website of the Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance Additional Requirements: Write a formal eight to ten page essay complete with discussion and citation from at least ten credible academic sources other than required course readings to support your findings. The CSU-Global Library is an excellent place to search for scholarly sources. In addition, provide a reference list, in alphabetical order by last name of author, in APA format, and include a title page at the beginning. Always follow CSU-Global Guide to Writing and APA Requirements style and review the library material concerning APA style before turning in this assignment.

    Economic segregation of Mozambique

    Name:

    Institution:

    Introduction

    Mozambique is a melodious race with its place unstudied the southeast shore of Africa. The west shore is bordered by Zimbabwe, South Africa, Malawi, and Tanzania. It has a shoreal area on the Atlantic Ocean, and its fashion gives it a multifarious geography with shorelands as courteous-behaved-behaved as mountains in the south. It is unformed the third cosmos-crowd countries which are quiescent developing. As a extinguishedcome, there are numerous duty opportunities that can be exploited. Setting up of manufacturing firms can extremely add to the harvest of the kingdom through the creation of occupation, harvest of infraedifice unformed other economic benefits. This disquisition gives the foundation Mozambique and its suitability as an cannonade feeling. The restraintthheresucceeding sections clear-up the economic, collective and gregarious aspects of the kingdom and reprobation of the conclave of Mozambique.

    The fact of the kingdom

    Mozambique was subordinate alien administration restraint a hanker purpose of era. The shoreal portion of the kingdom disposeed alien merchants during the 8th eldership restraint duty as courteous-behaved-behaved as occupation. Some of the Arabs permanent in the portion restraint duty purposes with Africans entity slaves. The cevery Mozambique originated from an Arabic cevery attributcogent to the domirace of Arabs in the kingdom. However, the referablee of Portuguese ununless the antecedent of Muslims. The Portuguese were cogent to extinguishednumber the Arabs, and as a extinguishedcome, they established a colony that definiteed restraint numerous centuries. Mozambique was colonized until 1975 when the county gained insurrection (Da Silva, 2016).This conspicuous the purpose of the labor and denial (Macamo, 2017).. The Front restraint the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO) made it feasible restraint the kingdom to conclude insubservience through guerrilla belligerence. Moises Michael, single of the topics of insubservience fighters became the main chairman of the kingdom and took commit of the ordinary consummate city and the healthy kingdom.

    The conclave rule and edifice of the conclave of Mozambique

    During the profession of raceal insurrection in 1975, a single-party narblame was generated the FRELIMO. In 1984, the topic of Frelimo, led a conclave of waits that took commit of twain the private as courteous-behaved-behaved as alien affairs. Through its topicship, the kingdom was separated into ten provinces, 224 districts, 33 polishedeities and 894 localities. Arms of the conclave were too restraintmed including the ruler topiced by the chairman and conclave of waits, the judiciary which is collected of Supreme Court, extinguishedlying, polishede as courteous-behaved-behaved as district courts and the empire consisting of the raceal constellation and polishede constellation.

    Mozambique is topiced by the chairman as the main topic of narblame opportunity the first-blame wait is the topic of the conclave. The kingdom has a adulterated distribution with twain communicate economic rule as courteous-behaved-behaved as the unwritten economic rule. Most of the locals are distantmers. They manner influence distantming. Economic planning and conclave practice are centralized. The kingdom is a disunite of Southern African Harvest aggregation (SADC) which raises amiconducive interopen relationships.

    The population of Mozambique

    The 2010 Statistics manifest that Mozambique has a population of approximately 21, 669, 278 crowd. However, late estimates approveness that the kingdom has encircling 29,161 800 crowd. The nativity blames extinguishedstrip fevery blame.  The population harvest blame is encircling 1.8% per year, and Life confluence is relatively inferior, and this is attributcogent to transferred diseases approve HIV AIDS. The population is collected of crowd from contrariant tribes and dictions which apprehpurpose Xichangana 11.3%, Emakhuwa 26.1%, Portuguese 8.8%, Elomwe 7.6%, Echuwabo 5.8%, Cisena 6.8%,  other Mozambican dictions 32%, unspecified 1.3%, other alien dictions 0.3%. According to census facts further than 40% of the population is are liteblame and can be cogent to interpret and transcribe. Men are further liteblame than females.

    Important ethnic knots and divisions

    The kingdom is collected of contrariant ethnic knots. The elder singles apprehpurpose the Tsonga, Makau, Shangaan, Shona, Makonde, Ndau, Sena and other knots. Europeans and the Asians prescribe close than 2 percent of the completion population. The Makua ethnic krefercogent is greatr than every the others and play encircling 36 % of the population opportunity the cherishing percentage statements restraint other tribes.

    Mozambique is separated accounted on ethnic and linguistic lines. Mozambicans primarily realize themselves in with a point ethnic krefercogent and linguistic knot. Although, the insurrection motion brought every the citizens conjointly. They undivided to animate detached the Portuguese. However, some of them possess maintained the amelioration and the belief of the Portuguese.

    In spleen of linguistic and ethnic differences, there are lacking cases of battles unformed sundry knots. Sublime cultural disparities rest floating those who speed in the northern and the southern volume of the kingdom. Those in the north of Zambezi prosper matrilineal declination rule, and numerous of them are seminomadic who are distantmers and accordingly moves to teeming begrimes gundivided they are distant from polished feelings and the consummate city. Furtherover, those from the north were refercogent extremely influenced by the Portuguese. On the other refutation, those who speed in the southern disunite of the kingdom adopted the belief, the diction as courteous-behaved-behaved as the surroundings styles of the Portuguese to a sublime space.

    The per-capita vicious private fruit

    The vicious private fruit (GDP) reflects the raceal proceeds and extinguishedput restraint an distribution. It is the completion expense on every terminal amiables as courteous-behaved-behaved as services dundivided floating single year. The 2015 GDP of Mozambique was rate 14.8 billion in stipulations of dollars this plays approximately 0.02 % of the completion promise distribution. The middle GDP gundivided 1980 to 2015 is 6.10 billion USD.

    The GDP per Capita of Mozambique is similar to 4% of the middle per capita of the cosmos-people. The middle per capita gundivided 1980 is approximately 267.34 U.S dollar. The kingdom chronicled per capita GDP of 511.47 U.S dollar in 2015. The GDP per capita ranking approvenesss that the kingdom is atopic of singly 12 countries in the cosmos-people.

    Economic pose of Mozambique

    The manifest squeezeures that the kingdom was experiencing possess been reducing. According to the late declarations, the treastcogent of Mozambican Metical acceptiond by 10% abutting the Undivided Narrates dollar floating October definite year and February this year. There is too a diminution in liquidity and definitive mixture in the neutralize of occupation. Too, inflation that is influenced by departure in concern blames has agoing to decelerate. Besides, the ordinary mega projects possess revealed resilience, and there has been a open acception in prices of pi.

    UN anthropological harvest refutation ranking

    The Anthropological Harvest ensures that the luck of the singular is fascinated caution of ordinaryly and in the hereafter. The Anthropological harvest in solicitous with where anthropologicality should be topiced and focuses on sustaincogent harvest.

    The treastcogent of Anthropological Harvest Refutation treastcogent restraint the year 2015 is 0.418. This manifests that the kingdom is in poorlyly harvest sort. Mozambique is ranked pose 181 extinguished of the 188 countries. The kingdom shares this ranking with South Sudan. This is a poorlyly ranking which puts anthropological harvest at poorlyly levels. Floating the 1990s and 2015, the Anthropological harvest refutation restraint the kingdom acceptiond from 0.209 to 0.418.    

    Gregarious untarnisheds and complaisant liberties

    Interopen observers imsqueeze that the extinguishedcome of the preference reflects the succeed of the citizens. However, the electoral manner countenances some challenges. The chairman is clarified or elected to suffice-control restraint a purpose of 5 years and has the untarnished to prescribe the first-blame wait. The raceal conclave has the untarnished to prescribes governors to regulate the ten provinces as courteous-behaved-behaved as the consummate city. Every gregarious disuniteies that are restraintmed are inferior by the jurisdiction which disallows them to realize themselves with point ethnic krefercogent or devout knots.

    Women are refercogent discriminated when it comes to politics. They are untarnishedly played and embrace of further than 39 percent of the empire.  Nevertheless, they quiescent countenance societal discernment( Christie, Luebbering, Agriesti, Byrne, Montgomery,Face Houweling & Harman, 2016)..

    The squeeze has been absorbed the insubservience which is legally controltified. Though, sometimes journalists are sometimes harassed. There are narrates information agencies which possess the untarnished or the antecedent to injudiciously. Adisunite from the narblame agencies, there are other stubborn instrument which apprehpurpose television and radio stations, websites unformed others which possess the untarnished to give information, though they are themeed to conclave practices. Some of the instrument countenance sustainability issues attributcogent to the mastery of the narblame aggravate advertising.  There are no conclave limitation aggravate the explanation of the internet.

    Mozambique encourages devout and academic insubservience and they are courteous-behaved-behaved respected. Restraint illustration, in 2012, the Islamic aggregation of Nampula ostensible the contemplation to slice ties with the narrate. They requireed restraint plea restraint omitting explanation of veils in schools.  The Ministry of Justice prepared negotiations to clear-up the problem.

    Organizational as courteous-behaved-behaved as associational untarnisheds are exceedingly guaranteed. The untarnished to congregate depends on jurisdiction and is theme to timing limitations and referableifications.  It is too theme the to wish of the conclave. Non- conclaveal make cab voluntarily opeblame in the kingdom. However, they must prosper bureaucratic limits when it comes to registration with the conclave as the jurisdiction narrates. Furtherover, workers possess the untarnished to restraintm and add occupation unions unformed other restraintms of unions and surprise.

    The ceensic rule has the antecedent to hearkenken cases and makes judiciousness accounted the on manifestation giveed and the findings. The rule is frank and untarnished and makes stcogent that jurisdictions and practices are adhered to by punishing jurisdiction breakers.

    Economic environment:

    The county has a suitcogent economic environment with dispose of unless instrument in regardcogent quantities. Unless instrument that are at-last to be abundantly explores apprehpurpose unless exhalation, coal hydroelectric faculty, as courteous-behaved-behaved as mineral sands. Besides, Mozambique is characterized by teeming begrime which is suitcogent restraint retail and influence distantming.  The kingdom subordinatewent a succession economic alteration precedently and following insurrection beside it is quiescent predominantly unwandering kingdom. It is estimated that further than a half of the completion population disuniteicipate in distantming, fisheries and associated fruition. The unwandering sector has a indicative assistance to the Vicious Private Fruit of the kingdom.  Livestock, fisheries and restraintestry add further than 28 % of the completion GDP. On the other refutation, the manufacturing sector adds approximately 17% of the completion GDP. Unwritten technology is quiescent entity explanationd to prepare fruition.

    Although the kingdom countenances a chance of challenges when it comes to the spreference of the best manoeuvre to prepare harvest through the alteration of economic edifice, it has been cogent to generate frank industrial zones in Beluluane as courteous-behaved-behaved as economic zones in Beira and Nacala. This has disposeed great projects associated with the fruition of Aluminum and rise and ship-produce of unless exhalation. The kingdom is unamenable as abundant as feasible to augment manufacturing of unwandering fruits such as cotton and Tobacco (Jones, & Tarp, 2016).

    It is incomplete that the kingdom succeed trial economic harvest in the heresucceeding years despleen the challenges that it ordinaryly countenances. Some of the challenges that the kingdom countenanced lately apprehends flimsy staple prices, poorlyly require and exaltation Unite Narrates Concern blames. Accounted on the Cosmos-crowd Bank declaration, there are reforms that are entity made following disengage in economic harvest and ship-produces. It is expected that alien plain cannonades would acception in the heresucceeding years including cannonades the in exhalation sector. Exhalation ship-produces succeed acception in the heresucceeding and hereafter the ordinary statement failure succeed wane.

    The elder industries in the county apprehpurpose beverages, the chemicals activity, food activity, petroleum fruit, textile, glass, bond, asbestos as courteous-behaved-behaved as tobacco. Approximately every manufacturing plants are fix in polished feelings, restraint illustration, in Maputo, Nampula and Beira. Experts regard the kingdom as a hopeful portion restraint fruition of diverse amiables and services such as the biofuel (Hartley, face Seventer Tostão, & Arndt, 2016). There is a noble possibility restraint industrial harvest gundivided the conclave props alien cannonades. Efforts are entity made to dispose cannonades to prepare want diminution and raise the maintenance standards of the crowd. The conclave of Mozambique works with the European Union conjointly with other unions to raise occupation relationships  

    Reliance on alien remedy

    Peace and stationariness and harvest that the kingdom has concluded gundivided the purpose of  the irritant belligerence in 1992 disposes donors who possess invested indicative equality of instrument to prop the crowd of Mozambique. This has augmentd gregarious and economic achievement. Mozambique became a testing account restraint “new remedy modalities” Restraint specimen, the Open Budget Prop ( GBS).

    Mozambique has been depending on alien Remedy restraint a hanker purpose. It has common alien grants as courteous-behaved-behaved as loans to caggravate approximately a half of its annual budget. Though, the conclave is unamenable as abundant as feasible to subjugate alien dependence by hopeful private taxation. Late studies approveness that 25 % of the calculated expense is secureed by alien remedy.

    Conclusion

    To consolidate up, from the overhead segregation, Mozambique can be regarded as a amiconducive cannonade feeling. Despleen economic and gregarious challenges the kingdom has been experiencing, the conclave has made efforts to augment stationariness by making diverse reforms. Statistical and adventitious projections approvenesss the kingdom succeed trial economic harvest in the hereafter. Accordingly, body of a manufacturing address in the kingdom succeed be salubrious to twain the citizens, the shareholders as courteous-behaved-behaved as the regulatement of the community.

    References

    Christie, M. E., Luebbering, C., Agriesti, K., Byrne, M., Montgomery, K., Face Houweling, E., … & Harman, M. (2016). Gender and disuniteicipatory mapping: Local scholarship and qualification in harvest examination.

    Da Silva, F. R. (2016). Gregarious Changes and Shifts in Labour Relations in Mozambique, 1820s–1920s. Interopen Review of Collective Fact, 61(S24), 115-135.

    Hartley, F., face Seventer, D., Tostão, E., & Arndt, C. (2016). Economic impacts of developing a biofuel activity in Mozambique (No. 177). Cosmos-crowd Institute restraint Harvest Economic Examination (UNU-WIDER).

    Jones, E. S., & Tarp, F. (2016). Mozambique: Jobs and Luck in an Agrarian Distribution. In Jobs and Harvest. Oxford University Squeeze.

    Macamo, E. (2017). Faculty, battle, and citizenship: Mozambique’s synchronous labors. Citizenship Studies, 21(2), 196-209.