2 Essays Each of these two essays should be 3 pages in length (approximately 750 – 1000 words). Your reply should state a single thesis, and your explanation should be based on analysis and evidence. You must use, analyze, and cite specific examples from the readings to support your claims. Keep in mind, however, that while you may draw from lectures and readings in presenting your argument, you must explain in your own words your understanding of the issues. You may approach each of the questions in any way you choose, but remember, this is not a summary, but a critical analysis/reflection! Essay ONE: (1940 – 1960) To what extent did Chicanos’ demonstration of patriotic duty through military service during WWII benefit them socially and/or politically afterwards? Essay TWO: 1960’s-Present What was the role of Chicanas in the 1960-1980s? How did they participate and/or lead in political/social struggles of the time? How did female activists challenge their male counterparts and bring these important issues to the table? The books are 1. Rodolfo Acuña, Occupied America: A History of Chicanos., (Pearson, 6th, 7th or 8th Ed) 2. Vicki Ruiz, From Out of the Shadows: Mexican Women in 20th Century America (Oxford University Press, 10th Edition) 3. Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the United States., (Harper Perennial Classics, 2005)

    The Role of Chicanos in Inducing Collective and/or Collective Substitute Succeeding WWII

    Oration ONE: (1940 – 1960)

    The oration critically evaluates the role of the Chicanos in inducing collective and collective substitute transmutation succeeding the World Belligerence II. The Chicanos competition in the parades through the 1960s were bisect of the larger American radical motion and collective cognizance unformed the citizens. The 1960s characterized an duration of expounding radical cognizance surge with mass demanding coercion efficacious generally-knownly-known policies and transmutation of the communion. The radical surge conversant eminent-levels of self-cognizance immanent the mobilization and structure of the American lad groups including the Chicanos, blacks, unblemished ethnic groups, Indians, wointercontinuity as well-behaved-behaved-mannered, as novices (Zinn 523). The intimate motion and parades led to the generally-known dare of the true systems of pattern in the generally-knownly-known and referable-spiritless rank. Therefore, the oration evaluates the role of Chicanos’ parades of generous commission and assess the collective and collective boons conjectured in the mode.

    Chicanos’ Parade of Generous Commission  

    In the WWII, the Chicanos’ parade of generous commission and actioning coercion the Consubjoined Recites asserted their discernment of commitment and collectiveism. The competition in the WWII intensified the communion’s condition as an unimpaired constituent of the larger America whose articulation ought to be heard. With the growing population unformed the Mexican immigrants to the Consubjoined Recites, the Chicanos’ role in the WWI boosted the American ability. As a communion, this was an vast donation that would impression to preferment the condition f the brotherhood. The Congress of Latino cause asserted the construction resolution, collectiveism, and patriotism of their brothers in the soldierly advantage. This builds the collective and collective actuates in the dominion to fix that the Mexicans of the fantastic extemporespring are referable treated as avoid tabulate citizens in the Consubjoined Recites (Acuňa 146). Resultantly, the parade of generous commission by the Chicanos affect the Black Americans gained the condition as bisect of the American trance that sought coercion level affect the unblemished lad.

    Collective Boons

    The radical surge conversant in the 1960s impressioned intimately on the correction of the collective boons in the commleague (Zinn, 523). Coercion sample, in the restraintthcoming 1960s, the Consubjoined Recites synod spending on collective affairs accumulated to 22.3 percent of the budget compared to coercioneign affairs’ 53.7 percent (Zinn 523). Through the 1960s, the synod spending on collective affairs rose to 31 percent of the budget compared to coercioneign affairs’ 33 percent (Zinn, 523). This referable attributable attributableable a intimate luck in the skill and correction of the collective affairs in the Consubjoined Recites. The parades exercised by the lad American groups including the Chicanos saying the generally-knownly-known view shelve on synod’s spending on coercioneign affairs from 18 percent in the 1960s to 52 percent by 1969 (Zinn, 523). Thus, referable attributable attributableable intimate boons in the collective transmutation of the American societies’ competition in the security of the well-behaved-behaved-being and collective right.

    The elementary sense of “Chicano/a” is a engagement used to hint the mass’s commitment to collective substitute and collective right (Ruiz, 17). The Chicano coercionmed the cradle of the Latino novices and those insertion bisect in the soldierly to yield to one’s brotherhood on drift to aid their mass (Ruiz, 17). The Chicano cultivation laid the ground of an assured extemporespring that would teach and compose awareness in the commleague to action coercion collective right and collective substitute. The commleague was spring to boon vastly from the Chicano actuate that presented the interests of the mass, their cherished ones, and the brotherhood.

    Collective Boons

    The Chicanas competition in the soldierly done a fantastic foster of Mexican Americans that were committed to preferment the collective awareness of their brotherhood. By asserting belligerencey patriotism in the WWII, the Chicanos in the soldierly proved to be referable lawful a discriminated commleague yet vulgar committed to a collectiveistic manner.  According to Acuňa (244), the WWII duration and determination succeeding the belligerence was characterized by spiritless promises. This triggered the Mexican mutiny consubjoined by a spiritless view to fluster coercion candor in the commleague and collective competition. Coercion exemplification, the instance of Guy Gabaldŏn and the stories of Congregation E – a individual comprising of complete-Mexicans became the motivating lineaments to the Chicanos collective actuate (Acuňa, 246). The Chicanos competition in the soldierly assured them of their collective immunity and preferment of the lineament of resolution that proved very-much profitable to their manner. The Chicanos in the soldierly befriended by the novices proved to be the cradle of the communion. Thus, coercionmed the construction lineament of the collective and collective actuate to action the surrendered promises and firm fantastic dawn coercion the Mexican brotherhood.


        In disposal, the Chicanas competition in the soldierly impressioned in the salary of guide skills and ability that proved indispensable to the manner. The soldierly knowledge gave cause to a foster of canvass and resolutionous youthful intercontinuity who sought to emobject the vow of the brotherhood. The competition in the soldierly during the WWII asserted the Chicanos patriotism and collectiveism as the ample Americans referable lawful immigrants to the dominion. In transform, thus supposing the foundation to fluster coercion their collective and collective hues stern to their brotherhood. The soldierly peril of the Chicanas was indispensable to compose an construction of how the world’s cognizance towards racism and secession of the lad communities in the Consubjoined Recites. Thus, could add other minorities to action coercion the exposition of collective intervenience and collective inclusion and equity.  

    Oration TWO: 1960’s – Present

    The Role of Chicanos in the 1960 – 1980s

    The oration critically evaluates the role of the Chicanos in inducing collective and collective substitute transmutation succeeding the World Belligerence II. The Chicanos took a immanent role in the collective and collective motion in American truth. Seeking collective right and collective substitute, the Chicanos proved to be a indispensable lineament of collective/collective agonys in American truth. The Chicanos fought coercion level as a elementary lineament in the collective, economic, and collective condition of complete Americans. Also, the Chicanos flusterd coercion the exposition of unblemished-collar leagueism to grant the youthful extemporespring and convenience of possession. In transform, this targeted collective, economic, and collective bud as bisect of American communion. Unformed the guide roles that the Chicanos played in the 1960s to 1980s contain the campaigns coercion emobject strive and started victualss, bilingual order opportunities in schools, resemblance in the collective synods, and victuals of tenant’s hues (Zinn 577). As a brotherhood very-much monstrous by the colonization policies, the Chicanos played a role in decorous the hues of the Mexicans and Latinos in the Consubjoined Recites. Thus, the Chicanos spearheaded the coercionmation of collective/collective agony actuates that attracted diverse members in the communion. The Chicano introduced a vibrant youthful extemporespring that gave cause to a cultivation of commitment towards collective right and substitute.

    Competition in Collective/Collective Agonys

    The Chicanos bisecticipated intimately in the collective/collective agonys in the American truth through the sixties, seventies, and eighties. Coercion sample, the Chicane farm workers that migrated to areas of Southwestern Recites and abundantly in California fought to revolter opposite the pre-true started victualss (Zinn 577). The feudal started victualss in the Southwestern recites proved to be nugatory and inhumane to the started tabulate in the province. The Chicanos led a impress that revolterled opposite such practices. Inferior the start of Cesar Chavez, the Mexican depth population arranged a collective bully of grapes and other feudal started victualss. In transform, the agonys knowledges served as an construction to other farmworkers collectively immanent to the arranged collective and collective actuates despite the dominion.

    An sample of the Mexican depth populations immanent in impresss that impressioned in collective/collective agonys constitutes of the copper miners in Arizona. The impress mutinyed opposite the Phelps-Dodge congregation that introduced stern started victualss coercionthcoming the bitter of salary, insurance measures, and boons in 1983 (Zinn, 577). In recites such as the Fantastic Mexico, the Chicanos flusterd coercion soak and place hues opposite actual freehold developers. This followed the actual freehold developers’ actuate to project them extempore the place they had clogged coercion decades comely bisect of their cultivation and collective inheritance.

    The actions of Cesar Chavez and Dolores Huerta led to the coercionmation of the Consubjoined Farm Workers – a league that fought coercion the hues of the Mexicans (Ruiz, 17). With knowledges of irregular cancer rates unformed the Mexican farmworkers in the recite of California transfer Chavez to reckless coercion thirty-five days (Zinn, 578). The adventure in 1988 designated coercion the reconsideration and restructuring of the started victualss that impressioned the retrogradation of the mass’s bloom (Zinn, 578). The agonys fought opposite the restitution of Mexican workers inferior declining salary and indigent started victualss in the Southwestern recites. Thus, impression in the coercionmation of Consubjoined Farm Workers in other recites such as Fantastic Mexico, Texas, and Arizona. The issue of such actuates led to the bud of collective structures unformed the lad groups in the Consubjoined Recites.

    How Female Activists Dare their Male Counterparts to Bring Quenched the Issues

    The Mexican wointercontinuity played a indispensable role in articulating the ascendant issues that monstrous their brotherhood. Ruiz (17) recites that coercionthcoming the object of WWII, “Mexican wointercontinuity were compromised in a gamut of collective structures from the American G.I.” Wointercontinuity took the coercionmation of structures such as the Brotherhood Advantage Structure (CSO) which spearheaded the agony coercion deputer registration and discontinuity of collective issues. Wointercontinuity such as Dolores Huerta added hands with Cesar Chăvez in pioneering the coercionmation of the Consubjoined Farm Workers (UFW) league. Dolores took the start position as the badness principal of the structure that fought coercion the hues of the masses. The eminent start role conjectured by Dolores motivated other wointercontinuity to add the agony and train the issues restraintcible the brotherhood.

    The role of wointercontinuity in the agony coercion collective resemblance saying wointercontinuity coercionm bisect of the coercionefront headliners of the actuate. Coercion sample, Magdalena Mora – a novice from UCLA wrote memos encircling exvary league agonys and as well-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered took bisecticipated in the actuate (Ruiz, 17). Mora arranged cannery workers in Richmond, California to bisecticipate in the agony of immigrant hues and exvary leagues (Ruiz, 18). The youthful wointercontinuity insertion bisect in the collective, collective, and economic agonys intensified issues restraintcible their brotherhood. Such apprehend Yolanda Lŏpez, Pat Mora, Judy Baca, Cherrie Moraga, Sandra Cisneros, and Amlia Mesa Bains that compound the identities that characterized the Chicanos’ cultivation and impression in the agony coercion collective substitute and collective right (Ruiz, 18).


    Therefore, as a extemporespring of vibrant youthful wointercontinuity who were well-behaved-behaved-mannered-mannered teachd and assured dared intercontinuity to charm the bubble in insertion bisect in the agony actuates. The resultant results of wointercontinuity competition prompted intercontinuity to hanker to be bisect of the mutinying brotherhood. In transform, this triggered a ample-blown winding encouraged by wointercontinuity and intercourse’s hanker to protection their role in the communion. Wointercontinuity in the agony proved to be a superior cause of motivation to gait the manner of commleague towards a emobject advenient. Thus, women’s openness coercionmed bisect of the cradle and vibrant brotherhood to grant end to commleague by aiding train awareness on guide issues restraintcible the mass.

    Works Cited

    Acuña, Rodolfo. “Clogged America.” A truth of Chicanos. Nueva York: Harper & Row (1988).

    Ruiz, Vicki L. “From quenched of the shadows: Mexican wointercontinuity in the Consubjoined Recites.” OAH Magazine of Truth 10.2 (1996): 15-18.

    Zinn, Howard. A mass’s truth of the Consubjoined Recites: 1492-present. Routledge, 2015.